List of All States in the United States and their Capital: The United States of America, often referred to as the “Land of the Free,” is a diverse and vast country composed of 50 individual states. Each state has its unique culture, history, and contributions to the nation’s identity. In this article, we will explore the list of all 50 states that make up this great nation, from the East Coast to the West Coast, and everything in between.
Alabama, known as the “Heart of Dixie,” boasts a rich cultural heritage and played a significant role in the civil rights movement. Before Montgomery became the capital in 1846, four other places held the honor: St. Stephens, Huntsville, Cahawba, and Tuscaloosa.
Alaska, the “Last Frontier,” is renowned for its stunning natural landscapes, including vast wilderness, mountains, and glaciers. The City and Borough of Juneau, more commonly known simply as Juneau, is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Located in the Gastineau Channel and the Alaskan panhandle, it is a consolidated city-borough and the second-largest city in the United States by area
Arizona, with its desert landscapes and the Grand Canyon, is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.
Phoenix is the capital of the U.S. state of Arizona. Known for its year-round sun and warm temperatures, it anchors a sprawling, multicity metropolitan area known as the Valley of the Sun. It’s known for high-end spa resorts, Jack Nicklaus–designed golf courses and vibrant nightclubs. Other highlights include the Desert Botanical Garden, displaying cacti and numerous native plants.
Arkansas, the “Natural State,” is famous for its Ozark Mountains and the scenic Buffalo National River.
Little Rock, the capital of Arkansas, is a city on the Arkansas River. It’s home to the William J. Clinton Presidential Library and Museum, with exhibits including a replica of the Oval Office and presidential artifacts.
California, the “Golden State,” is known for its diverse population, stunning coastline, and the entertainment industry centered in Hollywood.
Sacramento, the capital of the U.S. state of California, lies at the confluence of the Sacramento River and American River.
Colorado, the “Centennial State,” offers world-class skiing, outdoor adventures, and the breathtaking Rocky Mountains.
Denver, the capital of Colorado, is an American metropolis dating to the Old West era. The city and county were consolidated as a single administrative unit in 1902.
Connecticut, in the heart of New England, boasts a rich history and is known for its beautiful coastal towns and maritime heritage.
Hartford is the capital of Connecticut. It’s home to the Mark Twain House & Museum. The 1874 mansion contains thousands of artifacts, including the desk at which Twain wrote his best-known works.
Delaware, the “First State,” holds the honor of being the first to ratify the U.S. Constitution. Dover is the capital city of Delaware.
Delaware was the first colony to ratify the U.S. Constitution, and by doing so, became the first state in 1787.
Florida, the “Sunshine State,” is famous for its theme parks, beautiful beaches, and vibrant Latin culture.
Tallahassee is the state capital of Florida. The Capitol Complex includes the restored Historic Capitol, now a museum with displays on political history.
Georgia, known as the “Peach State,” is steeped in history and offers a diverse range of landscapes, from the mountains to the coast.
Tbilisi formerly known as Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River
Hawaii, the “Aloha State,” is a tropical paradise known for its stunning beaches, volcanoes, and unique Polynesian culture.
Honolulu, on the island of Oahu’s south shore, is the capital of Hawaii and the gateway to the U.S. island chain. It is located in the Pacific.
Idaho, the “Gem State,” is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts, with vast wilderness areas and scenic lakes. Boise, is the capital city of Idaho. It lies along the Boise River in the southwestern part of the state.
Illinois, the “Prairie State,” is home to Chicago, the third-largest city in the United States, and has a rich industrial history.
Springfield is the state capital of Illinois. Downtown, the interior of the Illinois State Capitol’s large dome is decorated with stained glass and statues of historical figures
Indiana, the “Hoosier State,” is known for its love of basketball and rich agricultural heritage.
Indianapolis, colloquially known as Indy, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. Located in Central Indiana, the city lies along the White River’s West Fork near its confluence with Fall Creek.
Iowa, the “Hawkeye State,” is famous for its farmland and caucuses that play a crucial role in U.S. presidential elections.
Des Moines is the capital and the most populous city in Iowa, United States. The Des Moines Art Center is noted for its contemporary collections and Pappajohn Sculpture Park.
Kansas, the “Sunflower State,” offers vast prairies and played a significant role in the history of westward expansion.
The City of Topeka, located 60 miles west of the KC Metro area, serves as both the state capital of Kansas and the county seat of Shawnee County, Kansas.
Kentucky, the “Bluegrass State,” is famous for horse racing and the bourbon industry. Frankfort is the capital city of the U.S. state of Kentucky and the seat of Franklin County. It is a home rule-class city.
Frankfort was founded in 1786 on the Kentucky River by Gen. James Wilkinson
Louisiana, the “Pelican State,” is known for its vibrant culture, French influence, and cuisine, particularly in New Orleans.
Baton Rouge is a city on the Mississippi River and the capital of Louisiana. Antebellum landmarks include the castle-like Old Louisiana State Capitol, now a museum, and Magnolia Mound Plantation, with its French Creole house.
Maine, the “Pine Tree State,” boasts rugged coastlines, picturesque fishing villages, and an abundance of natural beauty.
Augusta is the capital of the U.S. state of Maine and the county seat of and most populous city in Kennebec County. Beside the Kennebec River, Old Fort Western is an 18th-century wooden fort, with a recreated general store.
Maryland, the “Old Line State,” is steeped in colonial history and is home to the U.S. Naval Academy.
Annapolis, Maryland’s capital city, is on Chesapeake Bay. Its historic district includes 18th-century brick houses and the domed 1700s Maryland State House.
Massachusetts, the “Bay State,” is known for its role in the American Revolution and its prestigious universities.
Boston, city, capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and seat of Suffolk County, in the northeastern United States. It lies on Massachusetts Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean.
Michigan, the “Great Lakes State,” is famous for its automobile industry, the Great Lakes, and diverse landscapes.
Lansing, the capital of Michigan, U.S., is located in Ingham County. The city site, on the Grand River at its junction with the Red Cedar River, was a wilderness when the state capital was moved there from Detroit (about 85 miles [140 km] southeast) in 1847.
Minnesota, the “North Star State,” is known for its beautiful lakes, outdoor recreation, and strong Scandinavian heritage.
Saint Paul, the state capital of Minnesota, forms the “Twin Cities” with neighboring Minneapolis. It’s home to the Science Museum of Minnesota, with its dinosaur specimens and immersive theater.
Mississippi, the “Magnolia State,” is famous for its Delta blues music and its rich Civil War history.
Jackson, city, capital of Mississippi, U.S. It lies along the Pearl River, in the west-central part of the state, about 180 miles (290 km) north of New Orleans.
Missouri, the “Show-Me State,” is home to the iconic Gateway Arch in St. Louis and boasts a significant role in the westward expansion.
Jefferson City, capital of Missouri, U.S., and seat of Cole County, on the Missouri River, near the geographic center of the state.
Montana, the “Treasure State,” is celebrated for its pristine wilderness, including Glacier National Park.
Helena is the capital city of the U.S. state of Montana and the seat of Lewis and Clark County. Helena was founded as a gold camp during the Montana gold rush, and established on October 30, 1864. Due to the gold rush, Helena became a wealthy city, with approximately 50 millionaires inhabiting the area by 1888
Nebraska, the “Cornhusker State,” is known for its vast prairies and agricultural contributions.
Lincoln is the capital city of Nebraska. The Nebraska State Capitol has a domed tower with observation decks. Built in 1930, the Sunken Gardens features themed gardens, sculptures, and lily ponds
Nevada, the “Silver State,” is famous for Las Vegas, with its vibrant nightlife and entertainment. Carson City is an independent city and the capital of the U.S. state of Nevada.
Carson City was founded as a community in 1858, seven years after the first settlement of Eagle Station trading post in 1851.
29. New Hampshire
New Hampshire, the “Granite State,” is known for its mountains and is the site of the nation’s first primary election.
Concord is the capital city of New Hampshire. It’s home to the State House, a gold-domed building dating from 1819, with a visitor center and the Hall of Flags. Music, comedy, dance, and theater are staged at the Capitol Center for the Arts.
30. New Jersey
New Jersey, the “Garden State,” is located between Philadelphia and New York City and offers a diverse mix of urban and suburban living.
Trenton is the capital of the U.S. state of New Jersey and the county seat of Mercer County. It was the capital of the United States from November 1 until December 24, 1784
31. New Mexico
New Mexico, the “Land of Enchantment,” is celebrated for its unique blend of Native American, Hispanic, and Anglo cultures.
Santa Fe, New Mexico’s capital, sits in the Sangre de Cristo foothills. It’s renowned for its Pueblo-style architecture and as a creative arts hotbed. Founded as a Spanish colony in 1610, it has at its heart the traditional Plaza.
32. New York
New York, the “Empire State,” is a global center of commerce, culture, and the arts, with iconic landmarks like New York City and Niagara Falls.
New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790 and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790.
Albany is the capital city of New York State. Downtown’s huge Empire State Plaza has reflecting pools, an art-filled underground shopping concourse, and The Egg, a striking performing arts center
33. North Carolina
North Carolina, the “Tar Heel State,” offers beautiful beaches along the Atlantic coast and a rich history of colonial America.
Raleigh is the capital city of North Carolina. It’s known for its universities, including North Carolina State University. The number of technology and scholarly institutions around Raleigh, Chapel Hill, and Durham make the area known as the Research Triangle.
Raleigh emerged as an educational center in the 19th century.
34. North Dakota
North Dakota, the “Peace Garden State,” is known for its vast plains and the International Peace Garden on the Canadian border.
Bismarck is the capital city of North Dakota. The tall, art deco North Dakota State Capitol is set on landscaped grounds. It lies in the south-central part of the state and is situated on the eastern bank of the Missouri River. The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the area in 1804–05.
Ohio, the “Buckeye State,” is a key battleground state in presidential elections and boasts a rich industrial history.
Columbus is Ohio’s state capital. The city’s Scioto Mile is a string of parks on both sides of the Scioto River, with a huge interactive fountain and trails.
Oklahoma, the “Sooner State,” is known for its Native American heritage and the Land Run of 1889.
Oklahoma City is the capital of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It’s known for its cowboy culture and capitol complex, surrounded by working oil wells. It lies along the North Canadian River near the centre of the state.
Oregon, the “Beaver State,” is celebrated for its stunning Pacific coastline and outdoor recreational opportunities.
Salem is the capital city of Oregon. Set amid a park with gardens, the domed Oregon State Capitol contains a collection of art by Oregon artists. The Hallie Ford Museum of Art includes works by Pacific Northwest and Native American artists.
Pennsylvania, the “Keystone State,” is home to historic Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell, and the Amish country of Lancaster.
Harrisburg, the state capital of Pennsylvania, sits on the Susquehanna River. The National Civil War Museum illustrates both sides of the conflict via interactive exhibits and re-enactments. Next to the imposing Capitol building, the State Museum of Pennsylvania celebrates the area’s natural, cultural, and industrial heritage.
39. Rhode Island
Rhode Island, the “Ocean State,” is the smallest U.S. state but has a rich maritime history and picturesque coastal towns.
Providence, city, capital of Rhode Island, U.S. It lies in Providence County at the head of Narragansett Bay on the Providence River. A seaport and an industrial and commercial center, it is the focus of a metropolitan area that includes Pawtucket, East Providence, Central Falls, Cranston, Warwick, and Woonsocket.
40. South Carolina
South Carolina, the “Palmetto State,” is famous for its historic plantations and vibrant Gullah culture.
Columbia is the capital city of South Carolina. It’s home to the South Carolina State House, a Greek Revival building set in gardens dotted with monuments. It lies in the centre of the state on the east bank of the Congaree River at the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers.
41. South Dakota
South Dakota, the “Mount Rushmore State,” is home to the iconic Mount Rushmore National Memorial and the Black Hills. South Dakota’s iconic attractions include Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Badlands National Park, the Black Hills, and the Missouri River.
Pierre is the capital city of the U.S. state of South Dakota and the seat of Hughes County.
Tennessee, the “Volunteer State,” is known for its rich musical heritage, including Nashville, the capital of country music.
Nashville is the state’s capital and largest city, and anchors its largest metropolitan area, it is home to Vanderbilt University.
Texas, the “Lone Star State,” is the second-largest state in the U.S. and is celebrated for its unique blend of Mexican and American cultures.
Austin is the state capital of Texas, an inland city bordering the Hill Country region. It is home to the University of Texas flagship campus, Austin is known for its eclectic live-music scene centered around country, blues, and rock.
Utah, the “Beehive State,” is famous for its stunning national parks, including Zion and Arches.
The capital city is Salt Lake City, is located in the north-central region of the state.
Vermont, the “Green Mountain State,” is known for its pristine landscapes, charming villages, and a strong sense of community.
Montpelier is the capital of the U.S. state of Vermont and the county seat of Washington County. The site of Vermont’s state government.
The 1859 Vermont State House is a gold-domed Greek Revival building with decorative and fine art collections. A multimedia exhibit and mural depict the state’s history at the adjacent Vermont History Museum.
Virginia, the “Old Dominion,” is steeped in colonial history and is home to landmarks such as Jamestown and Mount Vernon.
Richmond, the capital of Virginia, is among America’s oldest major cities. Patrick Henry, a U.S. Founding Father, famously declared “Give me liberty or give me death” at St. John’s Church in 1775, leading to the Revolutionary War.
List of All States in the United States; Which State is the Capital City of the United States
Washington, the “Evergreen State,” is celebrated for its natural beauty, including the Cascade Range and Puget Sound.
Washington, D.C., D.C. in full District of Columbia, city and capital of the United States of America.
Olympia, the capital of Washington state, is at the southern end of Puget Sound. The sprawling Washington State Capitol Campus, beside Capitol Lake, includes the stately Legislative Building and the 1909 Governor’s Mansion.
48. West Virginia
West Virginia, the “Mountain State,” is known for its rugged terrain and coal mining heritage.
Charleston, at the confluence of the Elk and Kanawha rivers, is West Virginia’s capital city. A riverside complex includes the gold-domed State Capitol, the Governor’s Mansion, and the West Virginia State Museum and Theater.
Wisconsin, the “Badger State,” is famous for its dairy industry, outdoor recreational opportunities, and Green Bay Packers football.
Madison, the capital city of Wisconsin, lies west of Milwaukee. It’s known for the domed Wisconsin State Capitol, which sits on an isthmus between lakes Mendota and Monona. The Wisconsin Historical Museum documents the state’s immigrant and farming history.
Wyoming, the “Equality State,” is known for its wide-open spaces, including Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park.
Cheyenne is the capital city of Wyoming. It’s home to the Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum, with exhibits about early rodeos and artifacts like 19th-century passenger wagons.
The 13 original colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia) were established by British colonists for a range of reasons, from the pursuit of fortunes, to escape from religious prosecution to the desire to create new forms of government.
Each of these 50 states contributes to the tapestry of American culture and identity. They bring a unique blend of history, geography, and local traditions, making the United States a diverse and dynamic nation. From the Atlantic to the Pacific, from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, the United States is a land of opportunity, innovation, and unity.